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ArcGIS-ESRICartografiaGeospatial - GISQGIS

Daim ntawv teev cov software siv nyob rau hauv tej thaj chaw deb sensing

Muaj cov cuab yeej suav tsis txheeb los ua cov ntaub ntawv tau txais los ntawm kev paub txog tej thaj chaw deb. Los ntawm cov duab satellite rau LIDAR cov ntaub ntawv, txawm li cas los xij, kab lus no yuav cuam tshuam qee qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws software rau kev tuav cov ntaub ntawv no. Ua ntej pib nrog cov software, nws yuav tsum raug sau tseg tias muaj ntau hom ntaub ntawv raws li lawv txoj kev tau txais, txawm tias nws yog los ntawm active / passive satellites lossis UAV's.

Software rau passive/active sensor cov ntaub ntawv ua

QGIS: Quantum GIS yog qhov qhib GIS platform, ntau xyoo nws tau ntxiv ntau yam kev ua haujlwm thiab ua kom tiav kom tus kws tshuaj ntsuam muaj peev xwm ua tiav thiab tau txais cov khoom sib txawv. Qhov nthuav txog ntawm lub platform no yog tias nws tuaj yeem teeb tsa los ntawm tus neeg siv, ntxiv rau qhov yooj yim GIS interface, muaj ntau cov plugins uas haum rau tus kws tshuaj ntsuam cov haujlwm.

Ib qho ntawm cov cuab yeej siv tau yog cov Orpheus Toolbox, uas muaj cov txiaj ntsig geoalgorithms thaum muab cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm cov duab satellite, yog nws multispectral lossis radar. Qee qhov haujlwm uas koj tuaj yeem nrhiav tau yog: Radiometric calibration, kev txhawb nqa rau digital elevation qauv, band algebra, filtering, radiometric indices, segmentation, classification, change detection.

Koj tuaj yeem ntxiv cov Semiautomatic Classification plugin, qhov twg lwm hom cuab yeej mob siab rau cov duab ua ntej tau muab, xws li kev hloov pauv ntawm tus lej digital mus rau kev xav. Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm ib feem loj ntawm cov tam sim no active sensors twb loaded. Raws li rau cov ntaub ntawv lidar, hauv Qgis 3 nws tuaj yeem pom nws los ntawm LAStools cuab yeej. 


ArcGIS: Ib qho ntawm feem ua tiav software rau kev tswj cov ntaub ntawv geospatial. Lawv muaj ntau yam kev ua haujlwm sab hauv thiab sab nraud lub platform kom ua tiav cov ntaub ntawv tiag tiag. Nyob rau hauv nws qhov tseeb ArcGIS pro tso tawm, txawm ntau cov cuab yeej rau kev tswj cov ntaub ntawv satellite -imagery- tau ntxiv. Nws kuj muaj lwm yam plugins xws li "Drone2map" powered los ntawm Pix4D los tsim 2D, 3D cov khoom los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv drone thiab ESRI SiteScan, tsim rau huab-raws li drone mapping, ib feem ntawm ArcGIS ecosystem, uas cov duab ua tiav. multispectral, thermal thiab RGB. 

Esri cov kev daws teeb meem rau kev ua cov ntaub ntawv geospatial yeej ib txwm ua tiav thiab raug, uas yog vim li cas nws thiaj li suav tias yog tus thawj coj hauv kev lag luam geotechnologies.


Sopi: SoPI (Image Processing Software) yog ib qho software tsim los ntawm CONAE (National Commission for Space Activities of Argentina). Nrog rau qhov no nws muaj peev xwm ua kom pom, txheej txheem thiab txheeb xyuas cov ntaub ntawv satellite; nws yog dawb kiag li thiab nws interface yog ib qho yooj yim rau nruab/manipulate. Nws ib puag ncig yog 2D / 3D thiab nws yog tsim nyob rau hauv lub architecture ntawm Geographic Information System. 


ERDAS: Nws yog software tshwj xeeb hauv kev ua cov ntaub ntawv geospatial, siv los ntawm Hexagon Geospatial. combines GIS cov cuab yeej, photogrammetry, kev txhawb nqa thiab kev tsom xam ntawm cov duab kho qhov muag -multispectral thiab hyperspectral-, radar thiab LIDAR. Nrog rau qhov no koj tuaj yeem nkag mus rau 2D, 3D thiab daim ntawv qhia kev pom (rau cov duab kos duab yooj yim dua). Nws koom nrog cov cuab yeej xws li: ntsuas, vector cov ntaub ntawv tswj, siv Google Earth cov ntaub ntawv, metadata pom.

Erdas yog tus cwj pwm los ntawm kev ua lub platform siab uas tso cai rau tus kws tshuaj ntsuam kom ua tau zoo dua los ntawm lawv cov haujlwm ua haujlwm. Kev tuav ntawm cov software no yuav tsum muaj qee qhov kev paub me me hauv kev paub txog tej thaj chaw deb, txawm li cas los xij, nws tsis yooj yim kawm. Lub suite yog tsim los ntawm ob hom ntawv tso cai: Imagine Essentials, nyob rau theem pib, thiab IMAGINE Advantage rau cov neeg siv tshwj xeeb.


kuv xa: Envi yog lwm cov software tshwj xeeb rau cov chaw taws teeb sensing cov ntaub ntawv ua. Nws yog raws li IDL (Interactive Data Language), uas muaj kev ua tiav cov duab, kev kho kom haum xeeb thiab ua haujlwm rau cov neeg siv khoom zoo.

Lub suite muaj cov haujlwm ua haujlwm uas tuaj yeem koom ua ke nrog lwm lub platform xws li ESRI's ArcGIS. Cov software no txhawb nqa txhua hom duab, ob qho tib si los ntawm huab cua sensors thiab satellites (multispectral, hyperspectral, LIDAR, thermal, radar thiab lwm yam duab). ENVI suite suav nrog: ENVI, ENVI rau ArcGIS, ENVI EX, thiab SARScape.


PCI Geomatics: PCI Geomatics, tau tsim los rau kev pom, kho, ua cov duab los ntawm cov khoom siv kho qhov muag, kev yees duab huab cua, radar lossis drones. Ua tsaug rau nws cov GDB (Generic Database) thev naus laus zis, nws tau sib xws nrog tsawg kawg 200 hom qauv, yog li ntawd, nws muaj peev xwm los lis cov ntaub ntawv loj loj khaws cia hauv cov ntaub ntawv xws li Oracle.

Nws muaj cov modules tshwj xeeb rau kev ua cov ntaub ntawv. Piv txwv li, nrog Orthoengine, koj tuaj yeem ua qhov kev kho tsis siv neeg orthocorrections, mosaics, thiab digital elevation model generation.


SNAP: SNAP (Sentinel Application Platform) yog ESA software, npaj rau kev pom, ua ntej thiab tom qab ua tiav ntawm Sentinel platform cov khoom, txawm hais tias nws lees paub qhov pom ntawm cov duab los ntawm lwm cov satellites. 

Lub kaw lus tau muab faib ua ntu lossis lub thawv cuab yeej nyob ntawm tus qauv ntawm lub satellite. Txhua toolbox yog ntsia nyias (Sentinel-1Sentinel-2Sentinel-3SMOS thiab PROBA-V) thiab tseem txhawb qhov muaj peev xwm ntawm kev teeb tsa lub kaw lus ua haujlwm nrog Python (SNAPISTA). Nws ua tiav heev, uas koj tuaj yeem ntxiv cov ntaub ntawv vector xws li shapefiles thiab cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm WMS cov kev pabcuam. Nws txuas ncaj qha mus rau lub Copernicus Qhib Access Hub nkag mus rau Sentinel cov khoom ncaj qha.


gvSIG:  Qhov no yog interoperable dawb software uas ntau xyoo tau txhim kho kev sib cuam tshuam ntawm tus neeg siv thiab lub system. Nws muab functionalities rau band tswj, txhais ntawm ROI's, lim, faib, fusion, mosaics, multispectral transformations, calibration rau reflectance qhov tseem ceeb, index tiam, txiav txim siab ntoo los yog mosaics los ntawm ib tug extension uas yog ntsia rau hauv qhov kev pab cuam. Tsis tas li ntawd, nws muaj kev txhawb nqa rau cov ntaub ntawv lidar hauv hom ntawv. LAS, nrog DielmoOpenLidar (ib tug dawb software nrog GNU GPL daim ntawv tso cai raws li gvSIG), rau cov creation ntawm profiles, zoo tswj thiab tswj ntawm point huab.


SAGA: System for Automated Geoscientific Analyzes yog qhov qhib qhov kev pab cuam, txawm hais tias nws tau teeb tsa raws li GIS, nws muaj cov txheej txheem rau kev ua cov duab satellite txij li nws los nrog GDAL lub tsev qiv ntawv. Nrog nws, cov khoom lag luam xws li cov ntawv qhia zaub mov, fusion, txheeb cais pom, thiab kev ntsuam xyuas huab cua hauv ib qho chaw tuaj yeem tsim tawm.


Google Lub Ntiaj Teb Cav: Nrog Google Earth Cav, tus kws tshuaj ntsuam tuaj yeem pom cov ntaub ntawv geospatial, tag nrho hauv ib qho kev tsim kho hauv huab. Nws khaws ntau cov duab satellite thiab nrog rau cov no lawv tuaj yeem tso tawm ntau txoj hauv kev ib ntus hauv kev hloov pauv vim nws suav nrog cov duab keeb kwm. 

Ib qho tseem ceeb tshaj plaws yog tias nws tso cai rau kev txheeb xyuas cov ntaub ntawv loj los ntawm kev sib koom ua ke nws APIs hauv JavaScript thiab Python. Nws suav nrog ntau cov ntaub ntawv ntawm txhua yam, los ntawm huab cua, geophysical mus rau pej xeem. Nws tso cai rau ntxiv cov neeg siv cov ntaub ntawv hauv ob qho tib si raster thiab vector hom.

Software rau LIDAR thiab Drone ua cov ntaub ntawv

Pix4Dmapper: Nws yog software tsom rau thaj chaw photogrammetric, tsom rau kev muab cov kev daws teeb meem rau cov haujlwm siab. Los ntawm nws cov cuab yeej, koj tuaj yeem tswj hwm qhov taw tes huab, cov qauv nce, 3D meshes los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv paub txog tej thaj chaw deb, thiab tsim orthomosaics. 

Nws muaj kev ua tau zoo heev thaum lub sijhawm ua ntej thiab tom qab cov ntaub ntawv ua tiav. Nws yog dav siv nyob rau hauv precision ua liaj ua teb, tsim zoning maps los txheeb xyuas cov khoom tsim. Txais cov khoom nram qab no ntev npaum li lawv nyob hauv .JPG lossis .TIF hom: RGB dluab, drone dluab, multispectral, thermal, 360º koob yees duab dluab, yeeb yaj duab los yog positioning lub koob yees duab duab.


Ntiaj teb no Mapper: Nws yog ib qho khoom siv pheej yig uas suav nrog cov cuab yeej zoo rau kev tswj cov ntaub ntawv spatial, vim nws txhawb ntau hom kev tawm tswv yim, thiab muab kev nkag ncaj qha mus rau cov ntawv teev npe sib txawv ntawm cov duab siab xws li DigitalGlobe. Yog tias koj xav ua cov ntaub ntawv LIDAR-hom, koj tuaj yeem ntxiv nws ncaj qha rau hauv LAS thiab LASzip hom, hauv nws qhov tseeb version qhov kev ua kom nrawm tau txhim kho los muab kev paub zoo dua rau cov neeg siv. 


DroneDeploy: Zoo li Propeller, Drone Deploy yog ib qho kev pab cuam rau thaj chaw photogrammetry, nws suav nrog txhua yam los ntawm thawj theem ntawm cov txheej txheem ntes kom tau txais tus qauv 3D. Nrog rau qhov no nws muaj peev xwm: tswj lub davhlau ntawm UAV (tshwj xeeb yog DJI drones), nws muaj cov cuab yeej ntsuas xws li cheeb tsam thiab ntim. Nws tuaj yeem tau txais dawb nrog kev txwv lossis ib daim ntawv qhia tag nrho uas yuav tsum tau them tus nqi ntawv tso cai. Nws yog qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo thaum koj xav txheeb xyuas qhov suav ntawm cov nroj tsuag, thaj chaw cog qoob loo hauv lub xeev pib lossis zaum kawg, ntxiv rau kev tshawb nrhiav cov duab qhia ntau yam thiab infrared hauv DroneDeploy.


DroneMapper yog ib qho software uas muab cov txiaj ntsig ntawm GIS, hauv lub platform los ua cov duab photogrammetric. Nws muaj ob lub versions raws li qhov xav tau ntawm tus kws tshuaj ntsuam, ib qho pub dawb thiab lwm qhov them rau ntau dua € 160 toj ib xyoo. Nws yog ib qho ntawm cov software uas tsis yog raws li huab rau kev ua cov ntaub ntawv, tab sis tag nrho cov txheej txheem ua tiav hauv zos. Qhov no txhais tau hais tias lub khoos phis tawj yuav tsum ua tau raws li qee yam cim xeeb txhawm rau khaws thiab khiav cov txheej txheem kom raug. Los ntawm DroneMapper koj tuaj yeem tsim Digital Elevation Models thiab Orthomosaics hauv Geotiff Hom. 


Agisoft Metashape: Nrog Agisoft Metashape, yav tas los hu ua Agisoft Photoscan, tus neeg siv muaj peev xwm ua cov duab, taw tes huab, tsim cov qauv nce siab, lossis cov qauv duab digital uas muaj qhov zoo tshaj plaws los siv hauv GIS daim ntawv thov. Nws interface yog ib qho yooj yim mus use thiab nws muaj ib cov ntaub ntawv architecture nyob rau hauv huab rau kev Metashape cov neeg siv. Nws yog ib qho kev pab cuam uas yuav tsum muaj daim ntawv tso cai, tus qauv yog tshaj $ 170 thiab Porofessional yog tshaj $ 3000. Nws pub rau Agisoft zej zog los txhim kho cov algorithms uas cov ntaub ntawv ua tiav.

Golgi Alvarez

Tus kws sau ntawv, kws tshawb fawb, tus kws tshaj lij hauv Kev Tswj Xyuas Cov Qauv. Nws tau koom nrog hauv kev xav thiab kev siv cov qauv xws li: National System of Property Administration SINAP hauv Honduras, Qauv ntawm Kev Tswj Xyuas Kev Sib Koom Tes Hauv Honduras, Kev Sib Koom Ua Qauv ntawm Cadastre Management - Registry hauv Nicaragua, Kev Tswj Xyuas Kev Tswj Xyuas Thaj Chaw SAT hauv Colombia . Editor ntawm Geofumadas kev paub blog txij li xyoo 2007 thiab tus tsim ntawm AulaAGEO Academy uas suav nrog ntau dua 100 cov kev kawm ntawm GIS - CAD - BIM - Digital Twins cov ncauj lus.

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